What does scampi mean?
Scampi is the Italian word for a prawn. It is also the name of an Italian-American dish called shrimp scampi that makes regular appearances on American restaurant menus and refers to broiled butterflied shrimp that have been brushed with garlic butter or oil (and sometimes a splash of white wine). American shrimp scampi is served over pasta or with bread to sop up the juices.
The Brits make their own typically health-unconscious version of scampi -- battered, deep-fried shelled tail meat that is eaten with tartar sauce.